Friday, April 18, 2014

Malus domestica - Apple

General Information
Common Name Apple, Orchard Apple
Scientific Name Malus domestica
Sun Tolerance Full Sun
Height 1.8 - 9 m (6 - 30 ft)
Spread 1.8 -4.6 m (6 - 15 ft)
Growth Rate Moderate
Bloom Time Spring
Color Green
Flower Color White
Type Tree
Native Asia, Europe, USA
Classification
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
SuperdivisionSpermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Rosales
Family Rosaceae – Rose family
Genus Malus Mill. – apple
Species M. domestica

Malus domestica - Apple
Malus domestica common name is the Apple also called Orchard apple. Apple is the most popular in the world. The apple is very delicious and healthy fruit too. People all over the world love apple. It is one of the most widely cultivated  fruit tree, and the most widely known of the many members of genus Malus that are used by humans. Apples grow on small, deciduous trees. The tree originated in Central Asia, where its wild ancestor, Malus sieversii, is still found today. Apples have been grown for thousands of years in Asia and Europe, and were brought to North America by European colonists. Apples have been present in the mythology and religions of many cultures, including Norse, Greek and Christian traditions. There are more than 7,500 known cultivars of apples, resulting in a range of desired characteristics. About 69 million tons of apples were grown worldwide in 2010, and China produced almost half of this total. 
The apple forms a tree that is small and it grows 1.8 - 4.6 m (6 - 15 ft) tall in height. Generally apple tree grows up to 9.1 m (30 ft) in the wild. When cultivated, the size, shape and branch density is determined by rootstock selection and trimming method. The leaves are alternately dark green-colored simple ovals with serrated margins and slightly downy undersides. 

The apple blooms in spring. The 3 to 4 cm (1.2 to 1.6 in) flowers are white with a pink tinge that gradually fades. The flowers have five petals and these can be seen later in the form of carpels, which hold the seeds, when the fruit develops. If you cut an apple horizontally, the five carpels are displayed in a star formation, much like the petals of the flowers. The fruit matures in autumn, and varieties exist with a wide range of sizes that is 7.0 to 8.3 cm (2.75 to 3.25 in) in diameter. The skin of ripe apples is generally red, yellow, green or pink and some of them are multi-colored. 


Malus domestica Full Tree

Malus domestica - Apple

Apple Leaf

Malus domestica - Apple : Leaves

Apple Young Plant

Malus domestica - Apple  in tub

Malus domestica - Apple : Flowers

Flowers of Apple

Malus domestica - Apple Flowers

Beautiful Apple

Malus domestica - Apple Fruits

Apple Fruits

Malus domestica - Apple : Log

Malus domestica - Apple Bark

Apple Bark

Apples

Malus domestica - Apple

Apple's Garden

Malus domestica - Apple Tree

Malus domestica - Apple Garden

Apples

Apples

Apples

Orchard Apple

Malus domestica - Apple

Malus domestica - Apple

Malus domestica - Apple

Thursday, April 10, 2014

Quercus coccinea - Scarlet Oak

General Information
Common Name Scarlet Oak
Scientific Name Quercus coccinea
Sun Tolerance Full Sun
Height 27-45 m (90-150 ft)
Spread 10 -15 m (40 - 50 ft)
Growth Rate Fast
Bloom Time Late Spring
Color GreenRed
Flower Color Green
Type Tree
Native United States, Europe
Classification
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
SuperdivisionSpermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Fagales
Family Fagaceae – Beech family
Genus Quercus L. – Oak
Species Q. coccinea

Quercus coccinea - Scarlet Oak
Quercus coccinea common name is the Scarlet Oak. The scarlet oak can be mistaken for the Pin Oak, the Black Oak, or occasionally the Red Oak. It is mainly native to the  United States.
Q. coccinea is a medium-large deciduous oak tree growing to 27–45 m (90 – 150 ft) tall with an open, rounded crown. The leaves are glossy green, 7–17 cm long and 8–13 cm broad. They are arranged alternately and lobed. There are seven lobes in every leaf and deep sinuses between the lobes. Each lobe has 3-7 bristle-tipped teeth. It blooms in spring and the flowers color is greenish-yellow. Individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant. 

The acorns are ovoid, 7–13 mm broad and 17–31 mm long, a third to a half covered in a deep cup, green maturing pale brown about 18 months after pollination; the seed is very bitter. Scarlet oak is often planted as an ornamental tree. It is popular for its bright red fall color. The wood is generally marketed as red oak, but is of inferior quality, being somewhat weaker and not forming as large a tree.

Scarlet Oak : Leaves

Scarlet Oak : Leaves in Fall

Red Leaves of Scarlet Oak

Scarlet Oak : Flowers

Flowers of Scarlet Oak

Scarlet Oak : Acorns 

Acorns of Scarlet Oak

Seeds of Scarlet Oak

Bark of Scarlet Oak

Scarlet Oak

Scarlet Oak in Fall

Scarlet Oak when leaves are red

Scarlet Oak : Red Leaves