Sunday, June 10, 2018

Sequoia sempervirens - Redwood

General Information
Common Name Red Wood
Scientific Name Sequoia sempervirens
Sun Tolerance Full Sun
Height 116 m (380 ft)
Spread 10 - 15 m (33 - 50 ft)
Growth Rate Fast
Bloom Time Spring
Color Green,
Flower Color Yellow
Type Tree
Native USA, Asia, Europe.
Classification
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
SuperdivisionSpermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Coniferophyta – Conifers
Class Pinopsida
Subclass 
Order Pinales
Family Cupressaceae – Cypress family
Genus Sequoia Endl. –  Red Wood
Species S. sempervirens

Sequoia sempervirens -  Redwood
Sequoia sempervirens commonly known as Redwood is provides the tallest tree and possibly the most majestic tree in the world – about 367 feet in California where the species lives for upwards of two thousand years. In Europe at the comparatively young age of about one hundred and ten years, and in Britain it provides their greatest volume of timber per acre – over 20,000 cubic feet (some 600 tons) in the famous ‘Charles Ackers Redwood Grove’ at Leighton near Welshpool in Montgomeryshire – the property of the Royal Forestry Society of England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
The native habitat of the tree is a strip, averaging some thirty-five miles wide, of the Pacific coastal regions of North America, stretching from about one hundred miles south of San Francisco up to south-west Oregon. The land ranges from sea level to some three thousand feet. Sequoia honors a famous half-bred Cherokee chief, Sequoyah. The tree was introduced to Europe via Russia in 1843.
The shoots are green at first, becoming brown. The buds are solitary, and surrounded by green scales which later turn brown. The secondary shoots bear flattened rigid needles spirally arranged, but with a twist at their base which brings them into two ranks. The needles produced early and late in the season are shorter than those when growth is at its height. All are slightly ribbed, and are bright green on the upper surface, and have nearly white stomatal lines underneath. Sometimes the color of the needles is more bronze or copper than green, especially after being scorched in a cold winter. The best appearance of tree is when the new pale green needles fringe each branch in June.
Both sexes of flowers are on the same tree, the small yellow males arising at the tips of the shoots, and the small green females well behind them. The brown elliptical cones are about 2 – 3 cm long, and ripen in the first season; after opening and shedding small winged seeds the cones persist on the tree for many years.
Sequoia sempervirens -  Redwood
The bark is rust or foxy-red, fibrous, soft and spongy, becoming very thick and deeply fissured with age. Underneath the bark is a hard inner layer that is bright cinnamon-red. Where side branches have fallen away, distinct cavities are left in the bark. The trunk broadens at the base and is irregularly buttressed.
The wood has a thin zone of pale yellow sapwood, and a red-brown heartwood. It is soft, strong and naturally durable – useful for interlaced fencing, garden furniture and general purposes. The tree is one of the few conifers to produce suckers. Coppice shoots arise from the stump when a tree is felled – one of the few conifers besides Yew, with this property. Blown trees left lying in the forest hve been known to throw vertical shoots from the upper side of the horizontal trunk, which themselves develop into large trees, as is evident at Leighton.
Visitors to the Redwood grove at Leighton will long remember its massive pillars of warm red, with the forest floor a dull red color. There as also in the extensive reserved stands of the species in and near California, one cannot fail to experience a feeling of awe or indeed profound dignity and respect for this splendid tree.


Redwood Young Plants

Sequoia sempervirens growing Seeds

Leaves of  Redwood

 Redwood Leaves

Sequoia sempervirens Leaves

Sequoia sempervirens -  Redwood Leaves

Flowers of  Redwood

Sequoia sempervirens -  Redwood Flowers

 Redwood Female Cone

Flowers of Redwood

Bark of Redwood

Log of Redwood

Sequoia sempervirens -  Redwood Log

Trunk of Redwood

Redwood Trunk

Sequoia sempervirens -  Redwood Logs

Sequoia sempervirens -  Redwood

Sequoia sempervirens -  Redwood

Redwood

Sequoia sempervirens -  Redwood as ornamental Plant

Redwood ornamental plant

Sequoia sempervirens as ornamental plant

Sequoia sempervirens -  Redwood

Sequoia sempervirens -  Redwood

Sequoia sempervirens -  Redwood

Sequoia sempervirens -  Redwood

Sequoia sempervirens -  Redwood

Sequoia sempervirens -  Redwood

Sequoia sempervirens -  Redwood
The Video of Redwood:

Friday, May 25, 2018

Taxus baccata – European Yew - English Yew

General Information
Common Name European Yew, English Yew
Scientific Name Taxus Baccata
Sun Tolerance Full Sun
Height 10 - 20 m (33 - 66 ft)
Spread 10 - 15 m (33 - 50 ft)
Growth Rate Slow
Bloom Time Spring
Color Green,
Flower Color Yellow
Type Tree
Native USA, Asia, Europe.
Classification
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
SuperdivisionSpermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Coniferophyta – Conifers
Class Pinopsida
Subclass 
Order Taxales
Family Taxaceae – Yew family
Genus Taxus L. –  Yew
Species T. baccata

Taxus baccata - Yew
Taxus baccata commonly known as Yew also known as EuropeanYew, also famous in English Yew, is native to western, central and southern Europe, northwest Africa, northern Iran and southwest Asia. It is best known conifers, having an association with bows and with churchyards, being a symbol of mourning, and having a wealth of legend. It ranges from old gnarled specimens in churchyards to young seedlings and isolated trees scattered throughout woodlands, and to natural groups and rows, bereft of undergrowth, appearing on chalk and limestone formations. It is usually seen as a rounded, densely branched tree, rarely of treat height but often with a massive fluted trunk.
T. baccata is slow growing tree. It is a small to medium-sized evergreen tree, growing 10–20 m (33–66 ft) (exceptionally up to 28 m (92 ft)) tall, with a trunk up to 2 m (6 ft 7 in) (exceptionally 4 m (13 ft)) diameter. The small green buds have leafy scales that are free at the tips. The needles are arranged spirally around the green shoots, but by means of a twist they are spread into more or less two ranks. They are 2-4 cm in length, and end in a horny point. The upper surface is dark, glossy green; the lower is yellowish-green. They are waxy, though the whole tree is non-resinous.
Male and female flowers normally, but not always, grow on separate trees. The males appear as small yellow globose structures arising from the leaf axils on the undersides of branches of the previous year’s growth. The females grow in similar positions but are minute and solitary consisting of greenish-yellow overlapping aping. They swell to form the spherical fruit, and olive-green hard seed surrounded by an aril, which is green at first, and in august turns to pink or scarlet, and becomes fleshy and sweet. This whole fruit lies in a dull green cup.
Taxus baccata - Yew
The bark is thin, scaly, and dark reddish or greyish-brown, becoming deeply furrowed in age, and breaking away in long flakes. The outer bark has a satiny red under-surface. The bole is often fluted. The bark, shoots, leaves, and seeds are poisonous. Coppice shoots arise from the stump when a tree is felled. The wood is very strong, tough, elastic, hard, heavy and naturally durable. The narrow sapwood is white, the heartwood deep golden or red-brown. The timber is scarce in large sizes, but may be used for posts or stakes, while craftsmen employ selected material for decorative tables, cabinets, wood sculpture and turned articles such as bowls.
Today European yew is widely used in landscaping and ornamental horticulture. Due to its dense, dark green, mature foliage, and its tolerance of even very severe pruning, it is used especially for formal hedges and topiary. From the days of the formal garden, Yew has been used for evergreen hedges. It stands unlimited clipping, and thus is the plant most used for topiary – the peculiar art of training trees into unnatural shapes. Many large, gnarled Yews in churchyards, with their tenacious hold on life, must be over seven hundred years in age. Wood from the yew is classified as a closed-pore softwood, similar to cedar and pine. Easy to work, yew is among the hardest of the softwoods; yet it possesses a remarkable elasticity, making it ideal for products that require springiness, such as bows.






Yew Young Plant

Taxus baccata Young Plants

Leaves of Yew

Taxus baccata Leaves

Flowers of Yew

Fruits of Yew

Taxus baccata Fruits

 Yew Fruits

Fruits of Taxus baccata - Yew

Bark of Yew

Log of Yew

Taxus baccata Log

Taxus baccata Log

Taxus baccata - Yew as Ornamental Plant

Ornamental plant of Yew

Taxus baccata Ornamental Plant

Taxus baccata - Yew

Taxus baccata - Yew

Taxus baccata - Yew

Taxus baccata - Yew
Video of Yew: