Thursday, July 18, 2013

Artocarpus heterophyllus – Jackfruit - Jack fruit


General Information
Common Name Jack Fruit, Jackfrut
Scientific Name Artocarpus heterophyllus
Sun Tolerance Full Sun
Height  9–21 m (30–70 ft)
Spread 3.5-4.7 m (12-15 ft)
Growth Rate Moderate
Bloom Time Spring
Color Green
Flower Color Green
Type Tree
Native South and Southeast Asia
Classification
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
SuperdivisionSpermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Urticales
Family Moraceae – Mulberry family
Genus Artocarpus J.R. Forst. & G. Forst. – Breadfruit
Species A. heterophyllus

Huge Fruits on Jack fruit Tree
Artocarpus heterophyllus common name is Jack fruit. It is native to South and Southeast Asia, and is believed to have originated in the southwestern rain forests of India. It is mainly found and  is widely cultivated in tropical regions of India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri-Lanka, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, and Philippines. It is also found in the tropical regions of Africa and South America. It is one of the most popular and delicious fruits in the world. Jackfruit is the National fruits of Bangladesh. The tree grows up to 9-21m (30-70 ft) in height. This is an evergreen tree. The leaves are dark green, alternate, entire, simple glossy, leathery, stiff, large up to 15 cm (6 in) in length and elliptic to oval in form. Leaves are often deeply lobed when juvenile and on young shoots. 
Artocarpus heterophyllus – Jackfruit - Jack fruit
The tree is monoecious, male and female flowers are borne on the same individual trees separately on short, stout stems that sprout from older branches and the trunk and male spikes are found on younger branches above female spikes.. Tiny male flowers are borne in oblong clusters 2 to 4 in (5-10 cm) in length; the female flower clusters are elliptic or rounded. It is one of the largest fruits that reaching as much as 36 kg in weight and up to 90 cm (36 in) long and 50 cm (20 in) in diameter
In generally, the seeds are collect from the ripe fruit then dried them in sun to store them for long time. The seeds can use for new plantation. The dried seeds most of time use to cook with vegetables. The wood of the tree is used for the production of musical instruments and widely used in the manufacture of furniture, doors and windows.



Artocarpus heterophyllus – Jackfruit - Jack fruit : Young Plants
Artocarpus heterophyllus – Jackfruit - Jack fruit : Leaves

Artocarpus heterophyllus – Jackfruit - Jack fruit

Artocarpus heterophyllus – Jackfruit - Jack fruit

Artocarpus heterophyllus – Jackfruit - Jack fruit

Artocarpus heterophyllus – Jackfruit - Jack fruit

Artocarpus heterophyllus – Jackfruit - Jack fruit

Artocarpus heterophyllus – Jackfruit - Jack fruit

Artocarpus heterophyllus – Jackfruit - Jack fruit

Artocarpus heterophyllus – Jackfruit - Jack fruit

Artocarpus heterophyllus – Jackfruit - Jack fruit : Young Plant

Artocarpus heterophyllus – Jackfruit - Jack fruit
Artocarpus heterophyllus – Jackfruit - Jack fruit

Jack Fruit: 


4 comments:

Anonymous said...

This is really huge and so beautiful.

Trees Planet said...

Thanks!
They are not only looking beautiful but also very testy to eat.

Amdia KshSchool said...

You are Right. This is very delicious fruits.

Girija Giridhar Kini said...

If you use an image without permission, please have the decency to link back to the page from which you have taken the image, in this case, http://mouthwateringfoodrecipes.blogspot.com/2012/02/222-jackfruit-tree.html

Post a Comment