Thursday, October 10, 2013

Ficus benghalensis - Banyan Tree



General Information
Common Name Banyan Tree
Scientific Name Ficus benghalensis
Sun Tolerance Full Sun
Height up to 200 m (up to 700 ft)
Spread up to 30 m (up to 100 ft)
Growth Rate Fast 
Bloom Time Spring
Color Green
Flower Color Yellow
Type Tree
Native South and South-East Asia
Classification
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
SuperdivisionSpermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Urticales
Family Moraceae – Mulberry family
Genus Ficus L. – fig
Species F. benghalensis


Ficus benghalensis - Banyan Tree
Ficus benghalensis common name is Banyan Tree. It is also known as 'Bengal fig', 'Indian fig'. It is native to South and East Asia, but also plant as an ornamental tree in the tropical country all over the world. It is a large and long living trees, it takes more and more space year after year. This circle of trunks deriving from one original tree can reach an enormous size – 200 m (700 ft) in diameter and 30 m (100 ft) in height. Ficus benghalensis produces propagating roots which grow downwards as aerial roots. Once these roots reach the ground, they grow into woody trunks that can become indistinguishable from the main trunk. The leaves are leathery, entire, ovate or elliptic, 20-40 cm long with prominent lateral veins. The figs are 1 to 2 cm in diameter, without stalks, in pairs in leaf axils, and when ripe are bright red. The fruit of the Indian banyan tree is yet another example of the vital interdependency that exist between species, in our fragile environment. The fig "fruit" is actually a globular receptacle with hundreds of small fleshy flowers inside. The figs are pollinated by a tiny specialized wasp that enters the receptacle through a small opening. The pollinator wasp for Ficus benghalensis is Eupristina masoni. Each female flower inside the receptacle then produces a tiny fruit containing seeds.
The figs are eaten by birds and mammals. Fig seeds are dispersed by birds such as the Indian Mynas and studies have shown that seeds that pass through the digestive system of the bird are more likely to germinate as well as sprout earlier.  The Banyan Tree is sacred to Hindus and Buddhists in India and is frequently planted around temples. Being a majestic ornamental tree it is also planted in parks and along streets in the tropics.



Ficus benghalensis - Banyan Tree

Ficus benghalensis - Banyan Tree : Young Plant

Ficus benghalensis - Banyan Tree : Leaves

Ficus benghalensis - Banyan Tree : Fruits

Ficus benghalensis - Banyan Tree : Fruits

Ficus benghalensis - Banyan Tree : Fruits

Ficus benghalensis - Banyan Tree

Ficus benghalensis - Banyan Tree

Ficus benghalensis - Banyan Tree

Ficus benghalensis - Banyan Tree

Ficus benghalensis - Banyan Tree

Ficus benghalensis - Banyan Tree

Ficus benghalensis - Banyan Tree as ornament

Ficus benghalensis - Banyan Tree

Ficus benghalensis - Banyan Tree


1 comment:

Stiletto ElsieXie said...

Great asa bonzai specimen but very much overwhelming as a garden plant.

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