Tuesday, January 21, 2014

Prunus avium - Wild Cherry - Gean

General Information
Common Name Wild Cherry, Sweet Cherry, Gean
Scientific Name Prunus avium
Sun Tolerance Full Sun
Height 6-9 m (20 - 30 ft)
Spread 4.5 -6 m (15 - 20 ft)
Growth Rate Fast
Bloom Time Early Summer
Color Green
Flower Color White
Type Tree
Native Europe, USA
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
SuperdivisionSpermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order/ Rosales
Family Rosaceae – Rose family
Genus Prunus L. – cherry
Species P. avium

Prunus avium - Wild Cherry
Prunus avium common name is Wild Cherry also known as Sweet Cherry or Gean. It is to be found sparingly in mixed woodlands as a moderate-sized tree, or occasionally as a tall tree of open habit, the lower branches spreading but the remainder ascending steeply.
The twigs are greyish-brown, and the winter buds are alternate, brown, and pointed on short spur shoots. The pale green, 2 – 3 inch long elliptical leaves, which droop somewhat on fairly long stalks, have finely toothed margins and are without hairs on the upper surface, but downy below. They turn brilliant crimson in autumn. 
The white, sweetly scented, bi-sexual, self-sterile flowers, with long, slender stalks, are cup-shaped and borne in clusters (umbels) of from two to six in April-May.
The fruit (a cherry) is small and shiny, changing from green through bright red to purple when ripe in July, the taste is sweet or bitter, never acid.
The bark is grey or reddish-brown, smooth and shiny, ringed with orange-colored lenticels, and peels horizontally in thin strips. In older trees the lower bark becomes rough and furrowed. The attractive wood is golden or even greenish-brown, rather heavy, tough and hard. It is a good furniture timber, and is prized as a turnery wood for such items as bowls.
Foresters value Gen as an amenity tree, particularly on the edges of plantations. It suckers freely and it coppices when cut.

Wild Cherry Full Tree
Young Plant of Wild Cherry

Prunus avium - Wild Cherry : Leaves

Prunus avium Leaves

Wild Cherry Flowers

Sweet Cherry Flowers

Prunus avium Flowers

Prunus avium - Wild Cherry Flowers

Wild Cherry Green Fruits

Sweet Cherry Fruits

Wild Cherry Fruits

Prunus avium Fruits

Prunus avium Bark

Prunus avium Log

Beauties of Prunus avium - Wild Cherry

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