Friday, April 3, 2015

Salix caprea – Goat Willow – Sallow


General Information
Common Name Goat Willow, Sallow
Scientific Name Salix caprea
Sun Tolerance Full Sun
Height 8 - 10 m (26-33 ft)
Spread 6 -8 m (20 - 30 ft)
Growth Rate Fast
Bloom Time Spring
Color Green,
Flower Color Yellow
Type Tree
Native USA, Asia, Europe.
Classification
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
SuperdivisionSpermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Salicales
Family Salicaceae – Willow family
Genus Salix L. – Willow
Species S. caprea

Salix caprea – Goat Willow – Sallow
Salix caprea common name is Goat Willow also know as Sallow is native to Europe and western and central Asia. It is a deciduous shrub or small tree, it grows 8–10 m (26–33 ft) in height, some time it grows up to 13 m (43 ft). Goat Willow (so called because goats readily browse it) is a pleasant small tree, well known for the early appearance in spring of its silver (female) or golden (male) catkins or ‘palm’, followed by oval, not slender, leaves. Other names for it are Sallow and pussy Willow.
The twigs are smooth and reddish-brown, and carry round yellow-green winter buds concealed in single scale which becomes weather-reddened towards the top. The oval leaves, 1-2 inches long, have a wavy margin and a pointed tip. They are lighter and hairy on the underside, and have two prominent stipules – little leaflets – at the base of the stalk.
The sexes are never on the same tree. The female catkins begin to appear in January or February as attractive silvery-downy flower heads. The erect male catkins have showy golden anthers which open in March. The seeds are small and hairy.

The bark is smooth, greenish-brown at first, becoming dark brown on older trees. The wood is pale cream to pinkish-brown, and woolly, but it is rarely used. Like other willows, Sallow coppices with much vigor. It is a very pretty component of mixed broad-leaved woodland and of some usefulness as a natural pioneer species, being able to establish itself on all types of waste ground.



Salix caprea – Goat Willow – Sallow

Salix caprea Leaves

Leaves of Goat Willow

Salix caprea – Goat Willow Leaves

Flowers of Goat Willow 

Salix caprea Flowers

Flowers of Salix caprea 

Salix caprea – Goat Willow – Sallow

Salix caprea – Goat Willow – Sallow

 Goat Willow with seeds cotton

Salix caprea – Goat Willow – Sallow

Salix caprea Bark

The Bark of Goat Willow

Salix caprea – Goat Willow – Sallow

Salix caprea – Goat Willow – Sallow

Salix caprea – Goat Willow – Sallow

Salix caprea – Goat Willow – Sallow

Salix caprea – Goat Willow – Sallow



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