Wednesday, May 31, 2017

Picea sitchensis – Sitka Spruce

General Information
Common Name Sitka Spruce
Scientific Name Picea sitchensis
Sun Tolerance Full Sun
Height upto 100  m (upto 330 ft)
Spread 15 - 30 m (50 - 100 ft)
Growth Rate Fast
Bloom Time Spring
Color Green,
Flower Color Yellow
Type Tree
Native USA, Asia, Europe.
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
SuperdivisionSpermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Coniferophyta – Conifers
Class Pinopsida
Order Pinales
Family Pinaceae – Pine family
Genus Picea –  Spruce
Species P. sitchensis

Picea sitchensis – Sitka Spruce
Picea sitchensis commonly known as Sitka spruce. Its introduced by David Douglas in 1831 is nowadays the most extensively planted tree in British forestry. It takes its name from the small seaport of Sitka in Alaska, but is found as a native southwards from that state to north California. It is a large growing tree, grow up to 100 m (330 ft), with huge trunk up to 5m (16 ft) in diameter.
The young shoots are light brown to pure white. The buds are ovoid and yellowish-brown and free of resin. The needles stand out stiffly around the shoot, and are bluish-green on the upper surface, with a prominent rib; the lower surface bears two bands of white stomata giving a blue or silvery appearance. The needles are flattened up to 2 cm long and have sharp horny points. Each needle stands on a little peg projecting from the twig; when pulled away, the peg goes with the needle, accompanied by a short strip of bark. In mass the needles give the tree a faintly blue sheen.
The flowers of both sexes are found on the same tree. The stalked male catkins are about 2.5 cm long, oval, pendulous or spreading, red at first but becoming yellow. The female flowers, usually higher up the tree, are small oval, erect structures, stalk less and crimson-colored; they have prominent bract which are eventually covered by the developing scales. The cone, 5-8 cm long and blunt-ended, has papery-textured scales with crinkled edges, and is light brown becoming whitish or pale yellow. It ripens in the first year, releasing the seeds early in autumn and then persisting on the tree for indefinite periods.
The bark is at first greyish-brown and looks smooth (though rough to the touch), later breaking into greyish-brown round scales, with somewhat raised edges (in appearance like small shallow saucers), which gradually flake away. The tree is at first conical in shape, later developing long lightly drooping branches and a rather thin crown. The base usually broadens out and is often buttressed. The wood is tough but has no natural durability out of doors; it is white to pale yellow in color – much used for box-making, interior joinery and carpentry, shed-building, paper pulp, chipboard, pit-props, and general purposes.
Foresters appreciate Sitka Spruce as a fine forest tree for the peaty hills and moors where the rainfall is heavy. It is more resistant to exposure and possibly more wind-firm than Norway Spruce and in general faster growing and produces a larger volume of timber. It can exceed 100 feet in thirty years and several trees are known over 150 feet and some exceed 20 feet in girth. Sitka particularly in drier areas is partially defoliated annually by the attacks of an aphis Elatobium abietina, making the tree appear much thinner foliaged than Norway Spruce. High moisture requirements make it unsuitable for the drier climates and soils of the south and east of Britain. 
This is also use as Christmas Trees

Picea sitchensis – Sitka Spruce

Picea sitchensis – Sitka Spruce Leaves

Leaves of Picea sitchensis – Sitka Spruce

Leaves of Picea sitchensis 

Leaves of Sitka Spruce

Picea sitchensis – Sitka Spruce Flowers

Picea sitchensis – Sitka Spruce Cone

Sitka Spruce Cone

Bark of Sitka Spruce

Log of Sitka Spruce

Picea sitchensis Logs

 Sitka Spruce Young Plant

Young Plants of Sitka Spruce

Picea sitchensis – Sitka Spruce

Picea sitchensis – Sitka Spruce

Picea sitchensis – Sitka Spruce

Picea sitchensis – Sitka Spruce

Picea sitchensis – Sitka Spruce as ornamental plant

Sitka Spruce Videos: 

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