Sunday, April 1, 2018

Pinus sylvestris – Scots Pine

General Information
Common Name Scots Pine
Scientific Name Pinus sylvestris
Sun Tolerance Full Sun
Height up to 35  m (up to 115 ft)
Spread 15 - 20 m (50 - 66 ft)
Growth Rate Fast
Bloom Time Spring
Color Green,
Flower Color Gold
Type Tree
Native USA, Europe.
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
SuperdivisionSpermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Coniferophyta – Conifers
Class Pinopsida
Order Pinales
Family Pinaceae – Pine family
Genus Pinus –  Pine
Species P. sylvestris
Pinus sylvestris – Scots Pine
Pinus sylvestris commonly known as Scots Pine and HardyScots Pine. It is well known by its pale red bark towards the top of the tree and its contrasting blue-green foliage, is Britain’s and Europe’s only native conifer grown for timber production. The species is mainly found on poorer, sandy soils, rocky outcrops, peat bogs or close to the forest limit. This is a long living tree and lifespan is normally 150–300 years, with the oldest recorded specimens in Lapland, Northern Finland over 760 years. P. sylvestris is an evergreen coniferous tree growing up to 35 m (115 ft) in height and 1 m trunk diameter when mature, exceptionally over 45 m (148 ft) tall.
The buds are reddish-brown, up to 1.5 cm long, narrow and blunt. The young shoots stand upright in May and June like white-green candles, smooth and shiny. Later they lengthen and turn green, becoming greyish or yellowish-brown. The stiff, blue-green needles, about 2.5 to 5 cm or more long, are in pairs, bound together at their base by a grey sheath consisting of membranous scales.
Pinus sylvestris – Scots Pine
The flowers of both sexes are found on the same tree. The male flowers are small, globose catkins tightly clustered and set some way back from the tips of the twigs; at first dull red, they become golden at pollen time. The tiny female conelets are green with crimson ends to their scales, and appear in May at the very tips of newly expanded shoots. After fertilization they grow during the nest year into small green round structures. Later they become hard, woody, greyish-brown cones which are symmetrical, ‘pointed’, and about 4 cm long; the raised portion of each scale (the umbo) bears a knob. The cones mature in two years, and winged seeds fall in spring. On some trees there will be found not only one year and two year old cones, but also three years old, open and empty.
The bark at the base is fissured, forming irregular, longitudinal plates which are reddish or grayish-brown. The shining orange-red bark of the upper part of the tree is a distinct and warming feature. When young, the tree is conical and well mature, it is usually sparsely branched with a flat or domed crown.
The timber is resinous and has a distinct reddish heartwood surrounded by pale-brown sapwood. Its many uses include telegraph poles, railway sleepers, fencing, construction work, pit-props, boxes, wood wool, paper pulp, and chip-board. Though not naturally durable, it takes preservative well. In the timber trade the wood is often referred to as ‘fir’, ‘deal’ or ‘redwood’, usually qualified in some way.
Scots Pine is now found in its wild state only in Scotland, but has been extensively planted throughout Europe; it grows readily from self-sown seed on heaths in many southern counties. It is most successful in the warmer and drier districts towered the south and east.
As a shelterbelt tree, this pine has proved successful in the south and east and at low elevations elsewhere. 

Young Plant of Scots Pine

Pinus sylvestris Young Plants

Leaves of Scots Pine

Pinus sylvestris Leaves

Male Flowers of Scots Pine

Pinus sylvestris Male Flowers

Male Flowers Pinus sylvestris – Scots Pine

Pinus sylvestris – Scots Pine Male Flowers

Female Cone of Scots Pine

Pinus sylvestris Female Cone
Mature Female cone Scots Pine

Male and Female Both flowers of Scots Pine

Pinus sylvestris – Scots Pine Mature Cones

Mature cones of Scots Pine

Bark of Scots Pine

Pinus sylvestris Bark

Log of Scots Pine

 Scots Pine as Ornamental Plant

Pinus sylvestris Ornamental Plant

Ornamental Plants of Scots Pine

Pinus sylvestris – Scots Pine in Wild

Scots Pine in wild

Pinus sylvestris – Scots Pine

Pinus sylvestris – Scots Pine

Pinus sylvestris – Scots Pine

Pinus sylvestris – Scots Pine
Video Of Eastern Scots Pine: 

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