Sunday, July 1, 2018

Andrographis paniculata – Kalomegh



General Information
Common Name Kalomegh, Green Chireta
Scientific Name Andrographis paniculata
Sun Tolerance Full Sun
Height 30 - 110 cm (12 - 43 in)
Spread up to 40 cm (15 in)
Growth Rate Moderate
Bloom Time Spring
Color Green
Flower Color White
Type Herbs
Native  Asia
Classification
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
SuperdivisionSpermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Scrophulariales
Family Acanthaceae - Acanthus Family
Genus Andrographis - False Water Willow
Species A. paniculate
Andrographis paniculata commonly known as Kalomegh mean Dark Cloud also known as Moha-tikta means King of Bitter is native to Bangladesh, India and Sri Lanka.
Andrographis paniculata – Kalomegh 
It is erect or sub erect annual herbaceous plant grows 30 – 110 cm (12 – 43 in) in height with articulated shoots. It grows in moist and shady places. The stems quadrangular, glabrous with longitudinal furrows and wings along the angles. Petioles up to 1 cm long and the lance-shaped leaves hairless blades measuring up to 12 cm (5 in) long and 1.5 – 2.5 cm (0.5 – 1 in) wide, entire, acuminate, 4 – 6 lateral vined, color dark green.
The small flowers in lax panicles, up to 9 cm (3.5 in) long. Pedicels up 5 mm long, glandular pubescent. Bracts 2 mm long, lanceolate. Sepals up to 4 mm long, linear-lanceolate, segments equal, glandular-pubescent on the outside. Corolla up to 16 mm (6.5 in) long, white, lower lip deeply 3 lobed with deep purplish marking inside at the base, upper lip notched or 2 toothed. Stamens 2, filaments hairy, exerted, anther cells oblong, base bearded. Ovary seated on a small disc, style slender, stigma minutely bifid. The fruit is a capsule up to 2 cm (0.80 in) long and 4 mm wide, linear-oblong, acute at base, pointed at apex. The seeds are 2 mm long, sub quadrate, yellowish-brown in color.
It is mainly distributed South Asian country like as India, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. It can be found in a variety of habitats, such as plains, hillsides, coastlines, and also cultivated or wildly grows areas such as roadsides, farms, and wastelands. The herb is some species in northern parts of India, Java, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Hong Kong, Thailand, Brunei, Singapore, the West Indies, and elsewhere in the Americas.
Mostly the leaves and roots were used for medicinal purposes also the whole plant is used in some cases. Very widely used as a medicine in liver complaints and as a febrifuge. Commonly substituted for Chirata (Swertia chirata Ham.) by the crude drug dealers. It has been used in Siddha and Ayurvedic medicine, and promoted as a dietary supplement for cancer prevention and cure.
The seeds should be conserved in seed banks, and large-scale cultivation should be taken up to ease pressure on the wild population. The seeds are sown during May and June. The seedlings are transplanted at a distance of 60 cm and cultivation near homesteads.




Leaves of Kalomegh 

Andrographis paniculata Leaves

Flower of Kalomegh 

Andrographis paniculata Leaves

Kalomegh Leaves

Flower of Andrographis paniculata 

Andrographis paniculata – Kalomegh Flower

Fruit of Kalomegh 

Seeds Capsule of Kalomegh 

Andrographis paniculata Seeds Capsuls 

Andrographis paniculata Fruits

Bark of Kalomegh 

Andrographis paniculata Barks 

Kalomegh as Commercial Cultivation

Andrographis paniculata – Kalomegh 

Andrographis paniculata – Kalomegh 

Kalomegh - Chirata

Chirata

Andrographis paniculata – Kalomegh 
Video of Kalomegh:

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