Wednesday, October 10, 2018

Fuchsia excorticata – Tree Fuchsia

General Information
Common Name Tree Fuchsia
Scientific Name Fuchsia excorticata
Sun Tolerance Full Sun
Height up to 15 m (up to 50 ft)
Spread 3 - 5 m (10 - 16 ft)
Growth Rate Medium
Bloom Time Winter
Color Green,
Flower Color VioletPink 
Type Tree
NativeNew Zealand
Classification
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Myrtales
Family Onagraceae - Evening Primrose Family
GenusFuchsia L. – Fuchsia
Species F. excofticata

Fuchsia excorticata – Tree Fuchsia
Fuchsia excorticata, commonly known as Tree Fuchsia also known as New Zealand Fuchsia is native to New Zealand. It is commonly found throughout New Zealand and as far south as the Auckland Islands.
F. excorticata is the largest member of the genus Fuchsia. It is growing up to 15 m (50 ft) in height and trunk diameter up to 1 m (3.3 ft). It is distinguishable by an unusually light brown or orange bark, which is highly thin and paper like, peeling in strips. It is unusual among New Zealand trees being deciduous in the southern part of its range, losing its leaves in winter in all but the warmest areas.
The leaves of this species include slim petioles, the join being nearly 1 – 4 cm (0.4 – 1.8 in) long. The leaves tend to be approximately 10 mm and ranging from 1.5 – 3 (0.5 – 1.4 in) wind, tend to form an oblong shape with a rounded base. Leaves have a smooth epidermis with the anomaly on the margin and veins. Its margin is serrated with small teeth, color of above generally being dark green and the bellow being paler and more silver.
The attractive, small flowers appear between August and December. They gradually change from greenish-yellow to purple-red. Flowers are solitary and pendulous with an average of 3-4 petals that extend to a point. The flower base generally redder in color before extending into rich petals. The Petals of the flowers are 2 – 5 mm long. The flowers are rich in nectar and are visited by honey-eating birds, especially tui, bellbirds and silvereyes.
The berries range to nearly 10 mm long, ellipsoid-oblong shaped, color is dark purple to almost black. The berry is sweet, juicy and delicious to eat.  It is one of the possum’s preferred food sources. Maori named the berry Konini and on the West Coast of the South Island the plant is known by this name. It makes a sweet tasty jam.  It was also eaten by European settlers in jams and puddings. It also plant as ornamental flowering plant.


Fuchsia excorticata – Tree Fuchsia

Leaves of Tree Fuchsia

Fuchsia excorticata Leaves

Tree Fuchsia Leaves

Flowers of Tree Fuchsia

Fuchsia excorticata Flowers

Tree Fuchsia Flowers

Fuchsia excorticata – Tree Fuchsia

Fuchsia excorticata – Tree Fuchsia

Fruits of Tree Fuchsia

Fuchsia excorticata Fruits

Tree Fuchsia Fruits

Bark of Tree Fuchsia

Logs of Tree Fuchsia

Fuchsia excorticata Logs

Fuchsia excorticata – Tree Fuchsia

Fuchsia excorticata – Tree Fuchsia

Fuchsia excorticata – Tree Fuchsia

Fuchsia excorticata – Tree Fuchsia

Fuchsia excorticata – Tree Fuchsia

Fuchsia excorticata – Tree Fuchsia

Fuchsia excorticata – Tree Fuchsia

Fuchsia excorticata – Tree Fuchsia

Fuchsia excorticata – Tree Fuchsia

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