|Vitis californica - California Wild Grape|
It is a deciduous vine which can grow to over 10 m (30 feet) in length. It climbs on other plants or covers the ground with twisted, woody ropes of vine covered in green leaves. If this grape has no support it will make a nice ground cover and can cover a large greenhouse in 4-5 years. The leaves are green, but Autumn they become red and beautiful. So people also like to plant V. californica in their garden or in front of house as an ornamental plant. It blooms white flowers in spring. These flowers give way in the summer to clusters of grape which start green, but it becomes red-purple when ripe. The fruits are edible. Bunches of small and often sour but edible purple grapes hang from the vines in autumn. The grapes provide an important food source for a variety of wild animals, especially birds, and the foliage provides thick cover. The fruit also very testy to eat but it has seeds. It also use for preparing refreshing drink. The grapes are a common sight along the banks of theSacramento River. The wild grape is strong and robust, and viticulturists worldwide often use it as rootstock for their wine grapes. In some areas where the plant is not native it has the capacity to become a noxious weed.