Saturday, July 5, 2014

Vitis arizonica - Canyon Grape - Arizona Grape

General Information
Common Name Canyon Grape, 
Arizona Grape
Scientific Name Vitis arizonica
Sun Tolerance Full Sun
Height 9-12 m (30 - 40 ft)
Spread 1.8 -2.4 m (6 - 8 ft)
Growth Rate Fast
Bloom Time Spring
Color Green,
Flower Color White
Type Creepers & Climbers
Native United StatesEurope
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
SuperdivisionSpermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order/ Rhamnales
Family Vitaceae – Grape family
Genus Vitis L. – Grape
Species V. arizonica

Vitis arizonica - Canyon Grape
Vitis arizonica commonly known as Canyon grape also called Arizona grape. It is native to North American species of wild grape. It is a deciduous vine. It is very common wild grape. The deep purple fruits can be found in moist canyons at moderate elevations.  It is climber vine. It is long lived and dense patches are possible. It has many branches with weak tendrils and grows 9-12 m (30-40 ft) in height. The leaves vary greatly in shape. The large simple leaves are arranged alternately and typically have 3 shallow lobes. Leaves measure 1 to 5 inches (3-12 cm) long with a similar or slightly larger width 
It blooms white or near white flowers in spring. Small flowers occur in 2 to 4 inch (4-10 cm)-long clusters that are borne opposite the leaves. Young leaves are wrapped around other foods and then baked, they impart a pleasant flavor. Young tendrils - raw or cooked. The Fruits are juicy; thin skinned, and approximately 0.2 to 0.4 inch (6-10 mm) in diameter. They house 2 to 4 pear-shaped seeds that measure 4 to 5 mm long. The fruit is very popular with birds and can disappear quickly when ripe. The ripe grapes are edible and quite flavorful. Like those of cultivated grapes, the young leaves are also edible and can be used as a wrap for baked food.

Leaves of Canyon Grape

Canyon Grape : Flowers

Flowers of Canyon Grape

Flowers of Canyon Grape

Canyon Grape : Green Fruits

Canyon Grape : Fruits

Canyon Grape : Rip Fruits

Canyon Grape : Bark

Fruits of Canyon Grape

Canyon Grape in wild

Canyon Grape in Wild

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