Monday, June 30, 2014

Vitis berlandieri - Fall Grape

General Information
Common Name Fall Grape
Scientific Name Vitis berlandieri
Sun Tolerance Full Sun
Height 20 - 25 m (66 - 82 ft)
Spread 15 -18 m (50 - 60 ft)
Growth Rate Fast
Bloom Time Summer
Color Green,
Flower Color Green
Type Creepers & Climbers
Native United StatesEurope
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
SuperdivisionSpermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order/ Rhamnales
Family Vitaceae – Grape family
Genus Vitis L. – Grape
Species V. berlandieri

Vitis berlandieri - Fall Grape
Vitis berlandieri common name is Heller’s Grape also known as Fall Grape.  It is native to the southern North America. It is deciduous climbing plant.  It grows to 10 m (33 m) in height. The leaves vary greatly in shape. The large simple leaves are arranged alternately and typically have 3 shallow lobes. Leaves measure 1 to 5 inches (3-12 cm) long with a similar or slightly larger width. It blooms green flowers in Summer. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. The fruits are ripped in Fall, so it called Fall Grape. But the grape ripens in August and September south of the Rio Grande and in October and November in Central Texas. It is acidic until it ripens and then is sweet and quite delicious, but too small for convenient eating and not quite sweet enough to make a decent wine without a little sugar being added. It is small (1/5 to 1/3 inch) with 30 to 70 berries per cluster. The clusters are loose and open, the pedicels (stems) long. The skin is thin, the pulp juicy when ripe, usually with one or two seeds of a coffee color. Ripe berries retain enough acid to make a balanced refreshing drinks. Their small size makes crushing difficult but necessary, and peptic enzyme will help extract the juice. But fruits are not so testy to eat.
It is primarily known for good tolerance against soils with a high content of lime, which can cause chlorosis in many vines of American origin. Lime is a characteristic of the soils of many classical French wine regions and highly regarded vineyard sites, and many Vitis viniferacultivars were well suited to these growing conditions. When American vines were imported to Europe as root-stocks for grafting V. viniferaon, in the wake of the Great French wine blight, it initially proved difficult to find vine species that would grow well in lime-rich soil. V. berlandieri, which had adapted to limestone hills in central Texas, provided the lime tolerance needed to solve this problem. 

Vitis berlandieri - Fall Grape : Flowers

Vitis berlandieri - Fall Grape Fruits

Vitis berlandieri - Fall Grape : Fruits

Vitis berlandieri - Fall Grape Fruits

Vitis berlandieri - Fall Grape

Vitis berlandieri - Fall Grape : Fruits & Bark

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