Wednesday, June 4, 2014

Prunus serrulata - Japanese Cherry - Cherry Blossom

General Information
Common Name Japanese Cherry
Scientific Name Prunus serrulata
Sun Tolerance Full Sun
Height 8-12 m (26 - 40 ft)
Spread 8-12 m (26-40 ft)
Growth Rate Fast
Bloom Time Spring
Color Green, Red
Flower Color Pink
Type Tree
Native Europe, USA, Asia
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
SuperdivisionSpermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order/ Rosales
Family Rosaceae – Rose family
Genus Prunus L. – cherry
Species P. serrulata

Prunus serrulata - Japanese Cherry
Prunus serrulata common name is Japanese Cherry also called Hill Cherry, or Oriental Cherry or East Asian Cherry. It is a species of cherry native to Easter Asia  as Japan, Korea and China.  It is used for its spring cherry blossom displays and festivals.
It is a small deciduous tree with a short single trunk, with a dense crown.  It grows 8–12 m (26–40 ft). The smooth bark is chestnut-brown, with prominent horizontal lenticels. The leaves are arranged alternately, simple, ovate-lanceolate. Every leaf is 5–13 cm long and 2.5–6.5 cm broad, with a short petiole and a serrate or doubly serrate margin. At the end of autumn, the green leaves turn yellow or red. 
The flower of the P. serrulata is the main attraction. When bloom they are looking so beautiful. It blooms pink flowers in spring. The flowers are produced in racemose clusters of two to five together at nodes on short spurs in spring at the same time as the new leaves appear; with five petals in the wild type tree. The people of Japan, Korea and China celebrate the Cherry Blossom Festival when they full blooms in Spring. The fruit is a globose black drupe 8–10 mm diameter. Prunus serrulata is widely grown as a flowering ornamental tree, both in its native countries and throughout the temperate regions of the world. In cultivation in Europe and North America, it is usually grafted on to Prunus avium roots; the cultivated forms rarely bear fruit. It is viewed as part of the Japanese custom of Hanami.
The National Cherry Blossom Festival is a spring celebration in Washington, D.C., commemorating the 1912 gift of Prunus serrulata Japanese cherry trees from Tokyo to the city of Washington. They are planted in the Tidal Basin park. P. serrulata is manly cultivates as a flowering tree. People plant it in their garden or in the Park as ornamental Tree

Japanese Cherry

Japanese Cherry Leaves

Leaves of Cherry Blossom

Japanese Cherry Flowers

Flowers of Cherry Blossom

Japanese Cherry Fruits

Fruits of Japanese Cherry

Japanese Cherry Bark

Japanese Cherry Bark

Japanese Cherry leaves in Fall

Cherry Blossom as Ornamental Plant

Japanese Cherry

Japanese Cherry in tub

Japanese Cherry as ornamental tree

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