Wednesday, June 25, 2014

Vitis amurensis - Amur grape

General Information
Common Name Amur Grape
Scientific Name Vitis amurensis
Sun Tolerance Full Sun
Height 20 - 25 m (66 - 82 ft)
Spread 15 -18 m (50 - 60 ft)
Growth Rate Fast
Bloom Time Spring
Color Green, Yellow
Flower Color Green
Type Creepers & Climbers
Native United StatesEurope, Asia
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
SuperdivisionSpermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order/ Rhamnales
Family Vitaceae – Grape family
Genus Vitis L. – Grape
Species V. amurensis

Vitis amurensis - Amur grape
Vitis amurensis common name is the Amur grape. It is a species of grape native to the Asian continent. It is a green deciduous tree. In fall it becomes yellow color. It grows 20-25 m(66-82 ft) in Tendrils capable of wrapping around things will entwine the branches of neighboring plants or anything else they can use for support and 15-18 m (50-60 ft) typically spread. The bark is dark, scaly and with vertical stripes on old shoots. 
The leaves vary greatly in shape. They can be solid, three-or five-lobed, ovate or rounded, arched at the base. The size ranges from 9 to 25 cm with sharp edges and rounded-triangular serrate teeth. The surface of the leaves are glabrous above, densely covered with short bristles. In autumn the leaves turn bright colors - red, yellow, orange, brown. It blooms greenish-yellow flower in spring.
Fruits of the Amur grape are spherical black or purple, sometimes dark blue berries ranging from very acidic to sweet, with a diameter in the main to 12 mm, with a thick skin. The sugar content in the fruit reaches 22-23%. In their natural habitat they ripen in late September. The flesh is juicy, the berries are usually sour. The clusters can be large, comparable to the number of berries. In exceptional cases, the length of bunches up to 25 cm, and with a weight of 250 grams (usually 20-70 g).
Most of other grapes it is also widely plant for fruits. They can be eaten raw when ripe. The fruits are mainly use for producing refreshing dink. But Amur Grape plant is looking very attractive so people also very much like to plant it in their garden as an ornamental plant. It is most common in the valleys of rivers and streams, in clearings, forest edges, forests, the lower and middle slopes of mountains, where they climb to trees and spread along the ground. Most grapes species are found in much warmer climates. Only the Amur grape can tolerate winter temperatures down to - 45 °C, and the root zone of the soil to -16 °C.

Amur grape Leaves

Leaves of Amur grape

Flowers of Amur grape

Amur grape Fruits

Fruits of Amur grape

Amur grape Young Plant

Amur grape : Yellow Color

Amur grape : Fall Color

Amur grape : As Ornamental Tree

Amur grape in The Garden

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