Friday, July 24, 2015

Sambucus nigra – Elder

General Information
Common Name 
Elder
Scientific Name 
Sambucus nigra
Sun Tolerance 
Height 
4 - 6 m (13-20 ft)
Spread 
up to 6 m (up to 20 ft)
Growth Rate 
Bloom Time 
Spring
Color 
Flower Color 
Type 
Native 
Asia,  Europe, USA
Classification
Kingdom 
Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom 
Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision
Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division 
Magnoliophyta - Flowering Plants
Class 
Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons
Subclass 
Asteridae
Order 
Dipsacales
Family 
Caprifoliaceae – Honeysuckle Family
Genus 
Species 
S. nigra

Sambucus nigra – Elder
Sambucus nigra common name is Elder also called European Elderberry. It grows wild almost everywhere in Europe. Usually it is no more than a bush, but it can form a small tree.
It is a deciduous bush or little tree generally growing 4 - 6 m (13-20 ft) in height at some point it turn into 10 m in tallness. The bark, light dim when youthful, changes to a coarse dim external bark with the long way wrinkling. The leaves are orchestrated in inverse combines, 10–30 cm long, pinnate with five to seven handouts, the pamphlets 5–12 cm long and 3–5 cm wide, with a serrated margin.
Sambucus nigra – Elder
The twigs are stout but brittle, since they hold a thick white pith. They are often angular and bear vertical corky pores on their bark. The buds are oppositely set, with a clear leaf scar below them, and several loose brownish-red or purple scales. The leaves are compound-pinnate, comprised of five to seven oval leaflets with toothed margins, somewhat resembling Ash.
The fragrant, bi-sexual creamy-white June blossoms stand above the foliage in flat-topped cymes of 5-6 inches diameter. These blossoms are sometimes brewed to make a refreshing or medicinal tea. The flowers are succeeded by small green globular berries, eventually juicy and purple-black, much used for the making of elder-berry wine.
On young stems the bark is pale yellowish-brown, with prominent vertically disposed lenticels, which are at first pale but become darker. Later the bark rapidly becomes furrowed and corky, thick and greyish-brown in color. The wood when and horny in texture.
Elder is often treated as a weed, but sometimes as a favored covert plant. In sheltered places it may carry some green leaf throughout most of the year, but a hard frost will blacken and cripple the foliage.


Leaves of Elder

Flowers of Elder

Flowers of Sambucus nigra 

Elder Flowers

Sambucus nigra Flowers

Fruits of Elder

Fruits of Sambucus nigra 

Elder Fruits

Sambucus nigra Fruits

Sambucus nigra – Elder Fruits

Sambucus nigra – Elder

Bark of Elder

Bark of Sambucus nigra

Sambucus nigra – Elder full bloom


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