Friday, July 31, 2015

Tilia × europaea – Lime – Linden

General Information
Common Name 
Lime, Linden
Scientific Name 
Tilia × europaea
Sun Tolerance 
15 -50 m (49 - 164 ft)
up to 12 m (up to 40 ft)
Growth Rate 
Bloom Time 
Flower Color 
Europe, USA
Plantae – Plants
Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Magnoliophyta - Flowering Plants
Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons
Tiliaceae – Linden Family
Tilia L. – Basswood
T. × europaea

Tilia × europaea – Lime – Linden
Tilia × europaea commonly known as Lime also known as Linden. It is native to Europe and North America, is a naturally occurring hybrid between Tilia cordata (small-leaved lime) and Tilia platyphyllos (large-leaved lime).  It is one of the tallest broadleaved trees of Europe. It is a large and long living deciduous tree grows 15–50 m (49–164 ft) in height with a trunk up to 2.5 m (8 ft) radius, with oval crown, arching lower branches, and red twigs, is a well-known and well-loved species, particularly in June and July when it is adorned with strongly scented yellowish flowers worked vigorously and noisily b honey-bees. For long it was a tree favored for avenues, but more recently it is less appreciated because of its often fluted and wide-spreading base, bushy unsightly stems (including witches brooms), and large bosses on its bole and base, from which may arise a mass of unwanted shoots.
The twigs are strongly zigzagged and reddish, dull crimson in color. The winter buds ae tinged with red, and have only two visible scales one much larger than the other. The 2-3 in long leaves have toothed margins, are heart-shaped, usually unequal at the base, and are dull green on the upper underneath – which underside is conspicuous when the foliage billows in the wind. Red or pink bud-scales are often associated with the leaves. The foliage is sometimes infested in midsummer with numerous tiny aphids, which exude sticky ‘honey-dew’. The leaves turn yellow or golden in the early autumn.
The yellowish-green bi-sexual flowers are borne in June and July (early summer) in clusters of four to ten on a long main stalk which also carries a narrowly oblong papery bract. Each flower has five green sepals and five greenish-white to yellow petals. The hard round downy seeds ripen in October.

At first the bark is smooth and greyish-green, striped with darker markings, but eventually becomes rough and fissured. It is fibrous and tough, and when young this ‘bast’ can be used for tying bundles of woodland produce. The wood is white smooth, even-grained and soft, much used in the past, and still occasionally, by the wood sculptor, and for hat blocks and piano keys. If felled, Lime copies vigorously. It tolerates lopping and trimming. The tree is rarely planted in woodlands. 

Lime Leaves

Tilia × europaea Leaves in Autumn

Lime Flowers

Tilia × europaea Flowers

Tilia × europaea Fruits

Lime Fruits

Lime Bud

Tilia × europaea Trunk

Lime Trunk

Tilia × europaea – Lime Bark

Lime in Autumn 
Tilia × europaea in Autumn

Lime as Ornamental Tree

Tilia × europaea as Ornamental Plant

Tilia × europaea – Lime – Linden

Tilia × europaea – Lime – Linden

Tilia × europaea – Lime – Linden

1 comment:

bazza said...

Never park your car under a Lime tree because they drip some kind of corrosive goo!
CLICK HERE for Bazza’s fabulous Blog ‘To Discover Ice’

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